Concussion Management


What is a Concussion?

A Concussion is a type of brain injury caused by a blow, ‘jolt’ or bump to the head. It is a serious form of head trauma that requires proper attention and care to prevent further injury and long-term impairment.

Concussion Signs and Symptoms

  • Headache
  • Pressure in head
  • Neck Pain
  • Nausea or Vomiting
  • Dizziness
  • Blurred Vision
  • Balance Problems
  • Confusion
  • Irritability
  • More Emotional
  • Sadness


  • Nervous or Anxious
  • Sensitivity to Light
  • Sensitivity to Noise
  • Feeling slowed down
  • Feeling like "being in a fog"
  • Malaise ("Don't feel right")
  • Difficulty concentrating
  • Difficulty remembering
  • Fatigue or Low Energy
  • Drowsiness
  • Trouble Falling Asleep

What Your Brain Needs

Rest in the early phase of the injury, especially in the first 48-72 hours, plays a crucial role in recovery. New evidence suggests however that getting physically active early (after an initial 1-2 days of rest) may facilitate a quicker recovery. Early exercises in this case may be as easy as a daily walk and as a rule, should NOT further aggravate symptoms. Speak with your Physician before returning to sport or any activity that poses a risk of head contact.

Concussions may also require a level of cognitive rest in the early stages. Tasks requiring attention, concentration and visual effort require considerable energy (work) to accomplish. Engaging in these tasks prematurely may cause symptoms to worsen and prolong recovery, which is why modifications to your school or work routines may be required.

The more energy a concussed individual spends on school tasks, work obligations, or video games, the less energy there is available to help the brain repair itself.

Get the Help You Need

Concussions, like any other physical in jury, should be properly managed and rehabilitated especially when symptoms persist beyond the first few days. Consider seeking help from a trained provider of the Shift Concussion Management Program under the following circumstance:

  • Symptoms persist despite early rest
  • Presence of ongoing neck pain or stiffness
  • Ongoing symptoms of dizziness or visual complaints (eye pain, blurry vision)
  • Further guidance needed regarding return to school or work modifications

Recovery Timeframes

Most concussions resolve within a short timeframe, but some may persist up to a month or longer. A small percentage of individuals may go on to experience Post-Concussion Syndrome – a term used to describe the persistence of concussion-related symptoms beyond the expected recovery time-frame.